Copernicus created a model of the universe which placed the sun at the centre of the universe heliocentrism — challenging the prevailing orthodoxy of the time — which believed the earth at the centre of the universe. His major work De revolutionibus orbium coelestium On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres was published just before his death and marked an important scientific landmark — it was a key moment in the scientific revolution of the Renaissance period. As well as being a pioneering astronomer, Copernicus excelled in many different fields — he was a practising physician, economist, diplomat, scholar and gained a doctorate in canon law.
Thornin Royal Prussiaan autonomous province of the Kingdom of Poland. He was educated in Poland and Italyand spent most of his working life in Frombork FrauenburgWarmiawhere he died in Little is known of Copernicus' mother, Barbara Watzenrode.
She was born into a rich merchant's family. It appears she predeceased her husband.
Copernicus' maternal uncle, Lucas Watzenrodea church canon and later Prince-Bishop governor of the Archbishopric of Warmiareared him and his three siblings after the death of his father. His uncle's position helped Copernicus in the pursuit of a career within the Church, enabling him to devote much time to his astronomy studies.
Copernicus had a brother and two sisters: Andreas became a Augustinian canon at Frombork Frauenburg. Barbara became a Benedictine nun. Katharina married Barthel Gertner, a businessman and city councilor. This science soon fascinated him, as shown by his books, which would later be carried off as war booty by the Swedes, during "The Deluge"to the Uppsala University Library.
His bishop-uncle financed his education and wished for him to become a bishop as well. However, while studying canon and civil law at FerraraCopernicus met the famous astronomerDomenico Maria Novara da Ferrara. Copernicus attended Novara's lectures and became his disciple and assistant.
The first observations that Copernicus made intogether with Novara, are recorded in Copernicus' epochal book, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium. Statue of a seated Copernicus holding a armillary sphereby Bertel Thorvaldsenin front of the Polish Academy of SciencesWarsaw. In Copernicus' uncle was ordained Bishop of Warmiaand Copernicus was named a canon at Frauenburg Cathedralbut he waited in Italy for the great Jubilee of Copernicus went to Romewhere he observed a lunar eclipse and gave some lectures in astronomy or mathematics.
He would thus have visited Frombork Frauenburg only in As soon as he arrived, he requested and obtained permission to return to Italy to complete his studies at Padua with Guarico and Fracastoro and at Ferrara with Giovanni Bianchiniwhere in he received his doctorate in canon law.
It has been surmised that it was in Padua that he encountered passages from Cicero and Plato about opinions of the ancients on the movement of the Earth, and formed the first intuition of his own future theory.
It was in that Copernicus began collecting observations and ideas pertinent to his theory. Some time before his return to Warmia, he had received a position at the Collegiate Church of the Holy Cross in BreslauSilesiawhich he would resign a few years before his death.
Through the rest of his life, he performed astronomical observations and calculations, but only as time permitted and never in a professional capacity. Copernicus worked for years with the Royal Prussian Diet on monetary reform and published studies on the value of money ; as governor of Warmia, he administered taxes and dealt out justice.
It was at this time beginning inthe year of Thomas Gresham 's birth that Copernicus formulated one of the earliest iterations of the theory that 'bad' or debased money will drive 'good' legal-tender money out of circulation, now known as " Gresham's Law.
Thereafter he continued gathering data for a more detailed work. During the war between the Teutonic Order and the Kingdom of Poland —Copernicus at the head of royal troops successfully defended Allensteinbesieged by the forces of Albert of Brandenburg. ByCopernicus' work was nearing its definitive form, and rumors about his theory had reached educated people all over Europe.
From many parts of the continent, Copernicus was urged to publish.Nicolaus Copernicus died on May 24, , in Frombork, Poland. It is known that during the time of death there is a newly published famous book De revolutionibus orbium coelestium in his hand.
Suffering a recent stroke, he went to coma. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on February 19, , in Torun, Poland, about miles south of Danzig. He belonged to a family of merchants. His uncle, the bishop and ruler of Ermland, was the person to whom Copernicus owed his education, career, and security.
"Nicolaus Copernicus Tornaeus Borussus Mathemat.", Photograph of a 16th-century portrait of Copernicus — the original painting was looted, and possibly destroyed, by the Germans in World War II during the occupation of Poland.
Nicolaus Copernicus was born in the city of Torun, in the Prince-Bishopric of Warmia, northern Poland on February 19, His name at birth was Mikolaj Kopernik. At university he started calling himself the Latin form of his name, Nicolaus Copernicus.
Nicolaus Copernicus Biography: Facts & Discoveries. By Nola Taylor Redd, attheheels.com Contributor Poland, Mikolaj Kopernik (Copernicus is the Latinized form of his name) traveled to Italy at the. Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February in Thorn (modern day Torun) in Poland.
His father was a merchant and local official.
When Copernicus was 10 his father died, and his uncle, a.