This chapter is not available online for copyright reasons. The Ancient Constitution in Medieval England j. Pocock agrees as much:
Volume V contains 16 chapters, below you can preview the first page of each chapter. With the advent of the deciphering of the human genome the innate constitution has become central to our understanding of the predispositions toward certain diseases. It is now proven that the tendency toward many physical and psychological disorders has its roots in the genes.
This has led to a revival of the constitutional view in modern medicine. No longer are diseases considered solely the local breakdown of cells in a particular tissue, organ or system.
The cause of many chronic disorders is now viewed as a combination of inherited predispositions and their environmental triggers. Recent scientific studies of human DNA indicate that all human genes can be traced back to one group of hunter-gatherers that left east Africa about 65, years ago and passed into Yemen.
As the tribe expanded some groups settled down while others travelled the coastline to South Asia, Southeast Asia, Malaysia and Indonesia until Australia was settled around 50, years ago. During this grand journey the human organism evolved and adapted to a wide variety of climates and food sources.
Thus the human constitution has been shaped by a combination of nature constitution and nurture environment since the dawn of history. Hahnemann spoke about this trend in the Introduction to the 5th and 6th Organon. Degenerative diseases once seen exclusively in old people are now found in younger persons and even children.
The decline of the human constitution is so severe that for the first time health officials are worried that the younger generation may not live as long as the older. This change in the human constitution is caused by a combination of constitutional predispositions, miasms, environmental degradation, chemical pollution, and improper diet, lack of exercise, stress and suppressive medical treatment.
This situation has led to the overburdening of medical systems and a spiral of ever increasing cost. In this sense, there are no local diseases as all pathogenic processes affect the vital force, and through it the complete mind-body complex.
The classification of constitution and temperament by similar characteristics has played a central role in the development of the medical sciences. Hippocrates used an ancient system of constitution and temperament that is at the very root of Western medicine and psychology.
He classified individuals into four archetypal groups and their mixtures based on similar anatomy, physiology, psychology and predispositions to disease. He called the four major constitutions the choleric, phlegmatic, sanguine and melancholic temperaments.
Each of these constitutions has a characteristic physical constitution, mental temperament, predispositions, physique, facial features, complexion, sensations, aversions, desires and modalities. The second part of this volume, Maps of Consciousness, acts as a guide to the deeper aspects of the psyche.
The collection of the mental symptoms is not just the recording of lists of unrelated bits of information.
Hahnemann used two German words when speaking of the collection of the symptoms, Gesammtheit and Inbegriff.
Gesammtheit means the totality in all its aspects and Inbegriff means the essence, inner idea or nature of a phenomenon.
So the Founder is pointing out that the mere collection of the totality of the symptoms is not complete without comprehending their inner Esse.
One cannot see the mental essence but one can observe the Unconscious through its Gestalt-phenomena, which is comprised of altered states, delusions, dreams, fantasies, attachments, aversions and sensations.
These symptoms allow the observer to paint a portrait of the archetypal powers that lie at the core of experience. Psychology helps one to make sense of the apparently senseless by offering insights into the uncontrollable delusions, inexplicable feelings and unusual sensations of our patients.
Constitution and Temperament presents an in-depth study of physical and psychological typology.
Constitutional Medicine starts with an exposition of the teachings of Hippocrates on constitution and temperament and explains the system used by the Greek naturalist to assess the most common genotypes.The Constitution and its Roots, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
In summary, these five works stand as the unrivaled sources of the principles upon which, in the words of Jefferson, our Constitution was "genuinely based." Upon review, it is evident that the "roots" of Constitutional liberty are, as Adams stated, grounded in virtue or morality and religion.
Summary of the Constitution The Constitution was a spare document, providing few details about how the U.S. government would run itself.
It explained the rough organization of the three branches, how they would interact with the states, and how the document could be amended.
Section 1: The President. Use this U.S. Constitution summary to review one of the world's most important documents. Section 1 of Article 2 of the Constitution deals with the office of the president. It states, "The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.
Volume V: Constitution, Temperament and Maps of Consciousness presents an in-depth study of physical and psychological attheheels.com 1 examines the use of the 4 classical temperaments in homoeopathy, with clinical analysis and . Roots: The Saga of an American Family is a novel written by Alex Haley and first published in It tells the story of Kunta Kinte, an 18th-century African, captured as an adolescent, sold into slavery in Africa, transported to North America; following his life and the lives of his descendants in the United States down to attheheels.com release of the .