Early life and work Bandura was the youngest of six children born to parents of eastern European descent. In Bandura accepted a one-year instructorship at Stanford Universitywhere he quickly secured a professorship.
Early life[ edit ] Bandura was born in Mundarein Albertaan open town of roughly four hundred inhabitants, as the youngest child, and only son, in a family of six.
The limitations of education in a remote town such as this caused Bandura to become independent and self-motivated in terms of learning, and these primarily developed traits proved very helpful in his lengthy career.
The summer after finishing high school, Bandura worked in the Yukon to protect the Alaska Highway against sinking. Bandura later credited his work in the northern tundra as the origin of his interest in human psychopathology.
It was in this experience in the Yukon, where he was exposed to a subculture of drinking and gambling, which helped broaden his perspective and scope of views on life. Bandura arrived in the US in and Albert bandura naturalized in He married Virginia Varns — in and they raised two daughters, Carol and Mary.
Bandura graduated in three years, inwith a B. Arthur Benton was his academic adviser at Iowa,  giving Bandura a direct academic descent from William James while Clark Hull and Kenneth Spence were influential collaborators.
During his Iowa years, Bandura came to support a style of psychology which sought to investigate psychological phenomena through repeatable, experimental testing. His inclusion of such mental phenomena as imagery and representationand his concept of reciprocal determinismwhich postulated a relationship of mutual influence between an agent and its environment, marked a radical departure from the dominant behaviorism of the time.
Post-doctoral work[ edit Albert bandura Upon graduation, he completed his postdoctoral internship at the Wichita Albert bandura Center. The following year,he accepted a teaching position at Stanford Universitywhich he holds to this day. He also worked as a sports coach. He directed his initial research to the role of social modeling in human motivationthought, and action.
In collaboration with Richard Walters, his first doctoral student, he engaged in studies of social learning and aggression. Their joint efforts illustrated the critical role of modeling in human behavior and led to a program of research into the determinants and mechanisms of observational learning.
Social learning theory[ edit ] Main article: He found that according to Social Learning theory, models are an important source for learning new behaviors and for achieving behavioral change in institutionalized settings.
First, the antecedent inducements greatly influence the time and response of behavior. The stimulus that occurs before the behavioral response must be appropriate in relationship to social context and performers.
Second, response feedback influences also serve an important function. Following a response, the reinforcements, by experience or observation, will greatly impact the occurrence of the behavior in the future. Third, the importance of cognitive functions in social learning. For example, for aggressive behavior to occur some people become easily angered by the sight or thought of individuals with whom they have had hostile encounters, and this memory is acquired through the learning process.
A Social Learning Analysis in During a period dominated by behaviorism in the mold of B. SkinnerBandura believed the sole behavioral modifiers of reward and punishment in classical and operant conditioning were inadequate as a framework, and that many human behaviors were learned from other humans.
Bandura began to analyze means of treating unduly aggressive children by identifying sources of violence in their lives.
In Bandura conducted a controversial experiment known as the Bobo doll experimentdesigned to show that similar behaviors were learned by individuals shaping their own behavior after the actions of models.
When the adults were praised for their aggressive behavior, the children were more likely to keep on hitting the doll. However, when the adults were punished, they consequently stopped hitting the doll as well.
The experiment is among the most lauded and celebrated of psychological experiments. However, the experiment was criticized by some on ethical grounds,  for training children towards aggression.
The theory he expanded from social learning theory soon became known as social cognitive theory. A Social Cognitive Theory see articlein which he re-conceptualized individuals as self-organizing, proactive, self-reflecting, and self-regulating, in opposition to the orthodox conception of humans as governed by external forces.
He advanced concepts of triadic reciprocalitywhich determined the connections between human behavior, environmental factors, and personal factors such as cognitive, affective, and biological events, and of reciprocal determinismgoverning the causal relations between such factors.
Inhe published Social Learning Theory, a book that altered the direction psychology took in the s. He launched a major program of research examining the influential role of self-referent thought in psychological functioning. Although he continued to explore and write on theoretical problems relating to myriad topics, from the late s he devoted much attention to exploring the role of self-efficacy beliefs in human functioning.
In fact, in Bandura, in conjunction with Charles Benight, found that utilizing the same self-efficacy based beliefs that were implemented for his phobia studies produced similar results on people who suffered from severe debilitating trauma.
It was not only found useful for the trauma suffered by natural disaster survivors, but also those returning veterans that suffer post-traumatic stress disorder that include pervasive hyper-vigilance and recurrent flashbacks.
By establishing a perceived sense of control self-efficacy over their traumatic experience cognitively or physically the veterans and hurricane survivors were able to overcome their distress and trauma and move forward. A Social Cognitive Theorya book in which he offered a social cognitive theory of human functioning that accords a central role to cognitive, vicarious, self-regulatory and self-reflective processes in human adaptation and change.Biography.
Albert Bandura was born December 4, , in the small town of Mundare in northern Alberta, Canada. He was educated in a small elementary school and high school in one, with minimal resources, yet a remarkable success rate. Albert Bandura is best known for his famous Bobo Doll experiment but is also noted for his social learning theory and a concept of self-efficacy.
Albert Bandura: Albert Bandura, Canadian-born American psychologist and originator of social cognitive theory who is probably best known for his modeling study on aggression, referred to as the Bobo doll experiment, which demonstrated that children can learn behaviors through their observation of adults.
Albert Bandura was born on December 4, , in Mundare, a small hamlet of some inhabitants, largely immigrants from Poland and Ukraine, in northern Alberta, Canada, about 50 miles east of attheheels.com was the youngest child and only boy among six children in a family of Eastern European descent.
Because learning is so complex, there are many different psychological theories to explain how and why people learn. A psychologist named Albert Bandura proposed a social learning theory which suggests that observation, imitation, and modeling play a primary role in this process.
Bandura’s Social Learning Theory posits that people learn from one another, via observation, imitation, and modeling. The theory has often been called a bridge between behaviorist and cognitive learning theories because it encompasses attention, memory, and motivation.