Allied troops in VladivostokAugustduring the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War While most historians trace the origins of the Cold War to the period immediately following World War II, others argue that it began with the October Revolution in Russia in when the Bolsheviks took power. Since the time of the formation of the soviet republics, the states of the world have divided into two camps: There — in the camp of capitalism — national enmity and inequality, colonial slavery, and chauvinism, national oppression and pogroms, imperialist brutalities and wars. Here — in the camp of socialism — mutual confidence and peace, national freedom and equality, a dwelling together in peace and the brotherly collaboration of peoples.
Visit Website Did you know? The term 'cold war' first appeared in a essay by the English writer George Orwell called 'You and the Atomic Bomb. The Atomic Age The containment strategy also provided the rationale for an unprecedented arms buildup in the United States.
To that end, the report called for a four-fold increase in defense spending. Visit Website In particular, American officials encouraged the development of atomic weapons like the ones that had ended World War II. In response, President Truman announced that the United States would build an even more destructive atomic weapon: As a result, the stakes of the Cold War were perilously high.
The first H-bomb test, in the Eniwetok atoll in the Marshall Islands, showed just how fearsome the nuclear age could be. It created a square-mile fireball that vaporized an island, blew a huge hole in the ocean floor and had the power to destroy half of Manhattan.
Subsequent American and Soviet tests spewed poisonous radioactive waste into the atmosphere. The ever-present threat of nuclear annihilation had a great impact on American domestic life as well.
People built bomb shelters in their backyards. They practiced attack drills in schools and other public places. The s and s saw an epidemic of popular films that horrified moviegoers with depictions of nuclear devastation and mutant creatures.
In the United States, space was seen as the next frontier, a logical extension of the grand American tradition of exploration, and it was crucial not to lose too much ground to the Soviets. In addition, this demonstration of the overwhelming power of the R-7 missile—seemingly capable of delivering a nuclear warhead into U.
Inthe U. Army under the direction of rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, and what came to be known as the Space Race was underway. That same year, President Dwight Eisenhower signed a public order creating the National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASAa federal agency dedicated to space exploration, as well as several programs seeking to exploit the military potential of space.
Still, the Soviets were one step ahead, launching the first man into space in April Kennedy made the bold public claim that the U. Soviets, in turn, were pictured as the ultimate villains, with their massive, relentless efforts to surpass America and prove the power of the communist system.
The committee began a series of hearings designed to show that communist subversion in the United States was alive and well. In HollywoodHUAC forced hundreds of people who worked in the movie industry to renounce left-wing political beliefs and testify against one another.
More than people lost their jobs. Soon, other anticommunist politicians, most notably Senator Joseph McCarthyexpanded this probe to include anyone who worked in the federal government. Thousands of federal employees were investigated, fired and even prosecuted.Post-Cold War Era Web Sites; Additional Resources; Post-Cold War Era Web Sites.
attheheels.com Student News The CNN Student News feature special reports on many key World and American events, issues, and personalities. United States: United States, country in North America that is a federal republic of 50 states and was founded in During World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union fought together as allies against the Axis powers.
However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Americans had long. The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension between the Soviet Union with its satellite states (the Eastern Bloc), and the United States with its allies (the Western Bloc) after World War II.A common historiography of the conflict begins with , the year U.S.
diplomat George F. Kennan's "Long Telegram" from Moscow cemented a U.S. foreign policy of containment of Soviet expansionism.
Robert J. McMahon is Professor of History at the University of Florida, and President of the Society of Historians of American Foreign Relations.
Among his many acclaimed books are The Cold War on the Periphery: the United States, India, and Pakistan (), and The Limits of Empire: the US and Southeast Asia since World War II (). He has held visiting professorships in Britain and Ireland.
The role of Cold War in the history of the United States of America.