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Headhunters[ edit ] In the s, at the same time that jazz musicians began to explore blending jazz with rock to create jazz fusionmajor jazz performers began to experiment with funk.
Jazz-funk recordings typically used electric bass and electric piano in the rhythm section, in place of the double bass and acoustic piano that were typically used in jazz up till that point. Pianist and bandleader Herbie Hancock was the first of many big jazz artists who embraced funk during the decade.
Hancock's Headhunters band played the jazz-funk style. The Headhunters' lineup and instrumentation, retaining only wind player Bennie Maupin from Hancock's previous sextet, reflected his new musical direction.
He used percussionist Bill Summers in addition to a drummer. On the Corner[ edit ] On the Corner was jazz trumpeter-composer Miles Davis 's seminal foray into jazz-funk. Like his previous works though, On the Corner was experimental.
Davis stated that On the Corner was an attempt at reconnecting with the young black audience which had largely forsaken jazz for rock and funk. While there is a discernible funk influence in the timbres of the instruments employed, other tonal and rhythmic textures, such as the Indian tambora and tablas, and Cuban congas and bongos, create a multi-layered Essay new tramp vamps.
Both sides of the record featured heavy funk drum and bass grooves, with the melodic parts snipped from hours of jams and mixed in the studio.
Also cited as musical influences on the album by Davis were the contemporary composer Karlheinz Stockhausen. Electro music In the s, largely as a reaction against what was seen as the over-indulgence of discomany of the core elements that formed the foundation of the P-Funk formula began to be usurped by electronic instrumentsdrum machines and synthesizers.
Horn sections of saxophones and trumpets were replaced by synth keyboardsand the horns that remained were given simplified lines, and few horn solos were given to soloists.
Electronic drum machines such as the Roland TR began to replace the " funky drummers " of the past, and the slap and pop style of bass playing were often replaced by synth keyboard bass lines.
Lyrics of funk songs began to change from suggestive double entendres to more graphic and sexually explicit content.
In the late s, the electronic music band Yellow Magic Orchestra YMO began experimenting with electronic funk music, introducing " videogame -funk" sounds with hits such as " Computer Game "which had a strong influence on the later electro-funk genre. His album Street Songswith the singles "Give It to Me Baby" and " Super Freak ", resulted in James becoming a star, and paved the way for the future direction of explicitness in funk.
Prince was an influential multi-instrumentalist, bandleader, singer and songwriter. Beginning in the late s, Prince used a stripped-down, dynamic instrumentation similar to James. However, Prince went on to have as much of an impact on the sound of funk as any one artist since Brown; he combined eroticism, technology, an increasing musical complexity, and an outrageous image and stage show to ultimately create music as ambitious and imaginative as P-Funk.
Eventually, the band went on to define their own style of stripped-down funk based on tight musicianship and sexual themes. Similar to Prince, other bands emerged during the P-Funk era and began to incorporate uninhibited sexuality, dance-oriented themes, synthesizers and other electronic technologies to continue to craft funk hits.
By the latter half of the 80s, pure funk had lost its commercial impact; however, pop artists from Michael Jackson to Duran Duran often used funk beats.
Influenced by Yellow Magic Orchestra  and Kraftwerkthe American musician Afrika Bambaataa developed electro-funk, a minimalist machine-driven style of funk with his single " Planet Rock " in Also known simply as electro, this style of funk was driven by synthesizers and the electronic rhythm of the TR drum machine.
The single " Renegades of Funk " followed in Artists like Steve Arrington and Cameo still received major airplay and had huge global followings. Rock bands began copying elements of funk to their sound, creating new combinations of " funk rock " and " funk metal ".
These bands later inspired the underground mids funkcore movement and current funk-inspired artists like OutkastMalina MoyeVan Huntand Gnarls Barkley. In the s, artists like Me'shell Ndegeocello and the predominantly UK-based acid jazz movement including artists and bands such as JamiroquaiIncognitoGallianoOmarLos Tetas and the Brand New Heavies carried on with strong elements of funk.
However, they never came close to reaching the commercial success of funk in its heyday, with the exception of Jamiroquai whose album Travelling Without Moving sold about Following is an alphabetical listing of prominent authors who regularly appear/appeared in the newsgroups mentioned above along with a brief description of their stories.
It would be the labour of a lifetime to acknowledge each and every contributor to the groups. The Sadies - New Seasons (Yep Roc) For Dallas and Travis Good's first studio album in three years the seasons may be new but the years are firmly anchored in time long past.
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Following is an alphabetical listing of prominent authors who regularly appear/appeared in the newsgroups mentioned above along with a brief description of their stories. It would be the labour of a lifetime to acknowledge each and every contributor to the groups.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African-American communities in the mids when African-American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B). Funk de-emphasizes melody and chord progressions used in other related genres and brings a strong rhythmic groove of a bass line played by an electric bassist and.
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