Foucaults essay on governmentality

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Foucaults essay on governmentality

He provides a wider context to this phenomenon: The reason is twofold: In order to reconstruct this conversation, Foucault first reconstructs that reading of The Prince that was dominant since the sixteenth to the early nineteenth centuries, for it was this reading and this constructed author Machiavelli against whom the argumentation of the anti-Machiavellian literature was built.

This author, first, claimed that the practice of government was not external to the state: For the latter, there were two objects of government: Finally, they are men in their relationships with things like accidents, misfortunes, famine, epidemics, and death. Foucault then analyzes what mission of this new art of government is envisioned by these new theoreticians.

They say that the common good exists when all subjects obey the law without fail, perform their appointed tasks well, practice the trades to which they are assigned, and respect the established order, insofar as this order conforms to the laws imposed by God on nature and men.

In any case, what characterizes the end of sovereignty, this common or general good, is ultimately nothing other than submission to this law.

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This means that the end of sovereignty is circular; it refers back to the exercise of sovereignty. The good is obedience to the law, so that the good proposed by sovereignty is that people obey it. Yet the difference appears, and an important one. Foucault studies this paradox—theoretical development of the art of government without practical means to implement it—by analyzing European mercantilism.

How, then, it could free the way to itself? How was the art of government released from this blocked situation? The process of its release, like the blockage itself, should be situated within a number of general processes: The family will change from being a model to being an instrument; it will become a privileged instrument for the government of the population rather than a chimerical model for good government.

The shift from the level of model to that of instrument in relation to the population is absolutely fundamental.

Foucaults essay on governmentality

And in actual fact, from the middle of the eighteenth century, the family really does appear in this instrumental relation to the population, in the campaigns on mortality, campaigns concerning marriage, vaccinations, and inoculations, and so on.

Finally, this is the moment when social sciences are born, as the government wants to know rationally what is going on with its population.

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In fact we have a triangle:Foucaults concept of Discipline. Order Description. This short paper will focus on and analyze major concept/distinction introduced by Foucault from the following list.

Foucaults concept of Discipline. Analytic Paper. Governmentality.

Foucaults essay on governmentality

9. Critique. Panopticism. Power/knowledge relations. Problematization. Power apparatus Number the pages of your essay Include a title page with your name, student number and the title of the paper, which. This Essay will discuss the ideas of Michel Foucault who was a French Social Theorist.

His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge and how both of these are used as a form of social control through society. Published: Mon, 24 Apr The concept of governmentality is a neologism used by Michel Foucault in his work on modern forms of political power.

It is a term that combines government and ‘rationality’, suggesting a form of political analysis that focuses on the forms of knowledge that make objects visible and available for governing. Dispositif is a term used by the French intellectual Michel Foucault, generally to refer to the various institutional, physical, and administrative mechanisms and knowledge structures which enhance and maintain the exercise of power within the social body.

The title of Foucault’s lecture series of Security, Territory, Population was poorly chosen; the series should, as he acknowledges, have been called ‘Governmentality’, since the concern of these lectures is with the overarching ‘problem of government’ – that is, ‘how to govern.

Governmentality: Notes on the Thought of Michel Foucault