From to the midth century Revolution and empire The French Revolution of provided no clean break with the complex literary culture of the Enlightenment. Many ways of thinking and feeling—whether based on reason, sentimentor an exacerbated sensibility—and most literary forms persisted with little change from to Certainly, the Napoleonic regime encouraged a return to the Classical mode.
However, two major events in undermined the optimism of these readings: These disturbing events left many radicals questioning the viability of revolution and, more specifically, the efficacy of violence in producing fundamental and widespread change for the better. Download this page in PDF format Few persons but those who have lived in it can conceive or comprehend what the memory of the French Revolution was, nor what a visionary world seemed to open upon those who were just entering it.
Old things seemed passing away, and nothing was dreamt of but the regeneration of the human race. Robert Southey,  The anticipation of revolutionary change that had been growing for many British radical writers during the American Revolution had reached a feverish pitch bywhen the events of the French Revolution began.
The revolution, then, was interpreted as nothing less than the start of a total transformation of the world on par with the Second Coming of Christ and the Last Judgment, which would end history and return humanity to an uncorrupted, pre-fallen state where the ideals of liberty and equality would once again be a reality.
This dual-edged apocalyptic discourse is evident in the writings of early supporters. InPrice, like others, used prophetic imagery to frame the events unfolding in France as an extension and, indeed, escalation of the American Revolution.
Implicitly dismissing the accompanying violence of the revolution, she accused Burke of taking an anti-Christian and anti-progressive stance in his opposition: The promulgator of a new doctrine, and the violator of old laws and customs, that.
Using the language of anti-Semitism, Wollstonecraft paints Burke as an apostate who renounces Christian salvation by resisting the revolution and Enlightenment ideals of advancement, an action she compares to the denouncement of Jesus, a revolutionary figure who ushered in a new era.
But what we now see in the world, from the Revolutions of America and France, are a renovation of the natural order of things. While British writers were producing texts that described the events in France in terms of this secularization of apocalyptic agency although some, such as Price and Wollstonecraft, continued to invoke Christianity to validate the causethe French, the human actors of the revolution, were actually wielding this new power.
Year I began not with the birth of Christ but with the official renunciation of the monarchy and the pronouncement of the French Republic on 22 September In addition, the new calendar abolished Sundays in an attempt to eradicate religious influences and secularize the nation.
Actions such as the creation of the Revolutionary Calendar and the dethronement and execution of the king exemplified the ways the French challenged and appropriated divine power, including the divine right of justice and vengeance.
He explains divine violence as follows: This image of the fallen deity who enters human history serves as a mythic explanation for what happens when the masses violently transgress the law to obtain a justice that the law and God has failed to produce.
In other words, God falls and thus enters His obsolescence the moment individuals take it upon themselves to intervene in such a way that shakes the foundations of society. God not only falls, but He also fails to effect justice. Paradoxically, then, divine violence must be implemented by human hands to correct the imbalance.
The French Revolution would not simply anticipate the Christian apocalypse; it would, in fact, activate its own apocalypse without the need for divine intervention.
Similarly, for many British writers like Southey, human beings were creating their own cataclysmic event to halt the progress of history and its injustices without divine aid.The French Revolution (French: Révolution française [ʁevɔlysjɔ̃ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) was a period of far-reaching social and political upheaval in France and its .
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Blood Sisters: The French Revolution in Women's Memory (Basic Books, ) Primary sources [ edit ] Levy, Darline Gay, ed. Women in Revolutionary Paris, () pp excerpt and text search. + free ebooks online.
Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Free Essay: The French Revolution was a period of time from to in France where there was political instability.
It officially began on the 14th of. Jean-Paul Marat, (born May 24, , Boudry, near Neuchâtel, Switzerland—died July 13, , Paris, France), French politician, physician, and journalist, a leader of the radical Montagnard faction during the French Revolution. He was assassinated in his bath by Charlotte Corday, a .