Ferdinand was a typical member of the Prussian landowning elite.
It was only for the convenience of county and state officials that the minutes were kept bilingual. The first entry of these minutes, still preserved in the Municipal Building, shows the date June 18, On the left page we see the English, on the opposite page the corresponding German text.
In this way the Council minutes were recorded until the first World War. In this way the domestic growth of the population would supplement the importation of settlers from outside. Young couples with children would primarily be concerned with the school facilities. Thus the Association provided funds from which the salaries of teachers and the rent of school rooms could be paid.
The first teachers of the town were Hermann Trisch and William Frackmann. In the beginning there were only unsatisfactory temporary arrangements: With regard to the school question it is interesting to note that the town officers, in spite of their German background, strictly adhered to the common American practice of keeping the public school free of all religious affiliations.
A petition, signed by several women, requested that the teacher should conduct classes in religion. The city fathers ordered the clerk "to give notice to the petitioners that the Common Council had no authority to dispose of the teacher beyond school time, and that it was no business of the City Council to meddle with religion.
Within the first fifteen years four German churches were organized in the town: The Moravian Brethren, the Catholic St. During the very first years of the colony there was no church. A minister of the Reformed Church, Ulrich Gunther, lived in Egg Harbor for a while and in a true Christian spirit of non-discrimination ministered to each and everyone who was in spiritual need.
The Egg Harbor people then applied to the Boards of the Lutheran and of the Reformed Churches for regular preachers, but their pleadings produced no action. Upon the advice of the Rev. The Board explored the situation and in March sent the first regular preacher to Egg Harbor, the Rev.
Christian Israel who organized a Moravian congregation with sixty-six communicants and sixty-three children.
In the congregation decided to erect a church, induced by an offer of the Gloucester Association which promised to donate five lots for a church structure on condition that the building be erected in that same year The Association seizing upon every chance to enlarge and consolidate the settlement made later similar offers to other congregations.
Actually the Moravians beat all the others and dedicated their church building on Palm Sunday, At the end of the fifties the German Catholics in Egg Harbor also began to move. Originally they were part of St. Mary Magdalene of Millville, N. Old timers pass on the story that a Father Martin Gessner came over, riding on a white horse to tend the shepherdless flock.
After the usual trial period of ambulant services in private homes, St. Nicholas Church, still in use today, was erected in This was answered in the affirmative and the first priest, Father Yunker, was duly installed. The beginnings of the Reformed as well as of the Lutheran congregations go back to a common start in the year Pfister served for a brief term, then a colorful personality, the Rev.
Under his guidance the congregation increased to members. He also began the construction of a church building.
Notwithstanding such merits, he later figured conspicuously in the annals of the church through his dubious financial dealings and his stubborn and from his point of view understandable resistance to produce the accounts. True to its supradenominational spirit it also sheltered the first worship of the Lutherans.
Fritze from Carlisle, Pa. A few months later they elected the Rev.
5 Major Accomplishments of Otto Von Bismarck Otto Von Bismarck is widely considered to be the man who unified the German Empire. This accomplishment is pretty extraordinary all on its own. Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck was born into an aristocratic family at Schönhausen, northwest of Berlin, on 1 April He attended a prestigious school in Berlin followed by the University. Otto von Bismarck: Otto von Bismarck, prime minister of Prussia (, ) and founder and first chancellor () of the German Empire whose time in office took Prussia from the weakest of the five European powers to, as the unified German Empire, the foremost military and industrial power on .
Fritze as their regular pastor; a church was built in The first thirty years of the congregation were a history of schisms, factions, stormy meetings and resignations, of a tug of war between those who wanted to affiliate with the Pennsylvania Synod and those who found the Missouri Synod more inspiring.Clausewitz's personality has been treated in a great many different ways.
To the British military historian Michael Howard he was a "soldier's soldier" who wrote a practical military philosophy aimed at . Otto von Bismarck biography Otto Edward Leopold von Bismarck was born on April 1st, , at Schönhausen, a family estate lying near Stendal in the Mark of Brandenburg to the northwest of Berlin.
5 Major Accomplishments of Otto Von Bismarck Otto Von Bismarck is widely considered to be the man who unified the German Empire. This accomplishment is pretty extraordinary all on its own. Leopold von Ranke: Leopold von Ranke, leading German historian of the 19th century, whose scholarly method and way of teaching (he was the first to establish a historical seminar) had a great influence on Western historiography.
He was ennobled (with the addition of von to his name) in Ranke was born into a. Otto Eduard Leopold von Bismarck was born on April 1, , in a small burg near Berlin. Though born on April Fool's Day, he was wise when it came to making a unified Germany. 1. Introduction. The year , which marks the centennial of Robert Koch's death, is a propitious year to reflect on the life and work of a physician–scientist whose studies launched a new field of scientific inquiry—the field of medical bacteriology.