Indian history can be characterised as a work in progress, a continuous process of reinvention that can eventually prove elusive for those seeking to grasp its essential character. The history of this astonishing sub continent dates back to almost years ago with the evidence of human activity of Homo sapiens. Indian history begins with the birth of the Indus Valley Civilization as evident from the sites at Mohenjo-Daro, Harappa, and Lothal which were earlier a part of the Indian subcontinent.
The state has just undergone an election that saw the reinstatement of the Trinamool Congress as the ruling party on Thursday, May On this occasion, let us know about the rich history of Bengal: Stone Age remnants have been found in Bengal that date back 20, years.
Bengal is a 4, year old civilization that thrived between the banks of Ganges to Pre historic bengal and sustained itself with the riches of Gangetic Delta. Remnants of earliest cities in the state date back to the Vedic Period. The culture and ethnicity of Bengal was different than that of the Vedic people.
Mahasthangarh, Bangladesh The Retreat of Alexander: When Alexander invaded India and defeated Porus, he wanted to conquer all of India and moved eastward where he came to know about the mighty forces of the Gangaridai warriors.
Alexander read accounts of Gangetic Delta written Pre historic bengal Ptolemy and Diodorus. Beyond this again were situated the dominions of the nation of the Prasioi and the Gandaridai, whose king, Xandrammes, had an army of 20, horses,infantry, 2, chariots and 4, elephants trained and equipped for war Now this Ganges river, which is 30 stadia broad, flows from north to south, and empties its water into the ocean forming the eastern boundary of the Gandaridai, a nation which possesses the greatest number of elephants and the largest in size.
Bengal has always been the gateway to the eastern parts of the Indian subcontinent. It is the shortest and easiest route from the Bay of Bengal to the Himalayas. Such a geographical advantage made Bengal a commercial hub that connected the sea to the famous Silk Route.
Silk Route Mention in Mahabharata: It also talks about a folklore that Bhima was injured by a poisoned arrow and he came to the southern most parts of Bengal, called Patratal, to heal.
The southern most parts of Bengal indicates towards the mangrove lands of the Sundarbans. In a significant development of events, a third century civilisation has been recently discovered beneath the surface of Gobardhanpur in Pathar Pratima Block, Sundarbans.
The place has remnants of cauldrons and pots that would have been used to make herbal medicines. Riders of the bay: Have you ever wondered why is it called the Bay of Bengal? The answer is simple. The Bengal rulers have always paid attention to naval expansion.
The Empires in Bengal: His empire spanned from Bengal to Baluchistan. During his reign, Bengal flourished with riches and its naval fleet got stronger. But it was during the rule of King Shashanka that Bengal witnessed another flourishing period.
He is infamous for oppressing Buddhist communities and driving them out of Bengal. Malla Dynasty What we know as Bankura, a western district in modern day West Bengal, was once known as Mallabhum, the land of the Mallas. The Malla kings ruled the western provinces of Bengal from the seventh century and their dynasty can be traced to this date.
Followers of Buddhist philosophy, the Pala kings promoted classical Indian philosophy, literature, painting and sculpture studies. It was during this period that the Bengali language was formed in its entirety.
The Palas were also known for their war elephant cavalry and strong naval fleet. Coins from the Pala Empire Medieval Bengal:Pre-historic Bengal. The ruins of Wari-Bateshwar in Narsingdi is believed to be from the copper age.
Suggesting a thriving culture in ancient Bengal. An ancient inscription from the site of Mahasthangarh.
Many of archaeological excavations. The prehistory in Bengal came of age in the s and grew into a conscious and scientific discipline due mainly to Professor Dharani Sen and his pupils, and the explorations and, to a limited extent, excavations undertaken by the Archaeological Survey of India and the Directorate of West Bengal Archaeology did yield interesting results.
Pre-historic Bengal Stone tools provide the earliest evidence of human settlements. Prehistoric stone implements have been discovered in various parts of West Bengal . Prehistory in Bengal: Progress and Regress at the Close of the Twentieth Century (Professor Dharani Sen Memorial Lecture, ) Subrata Chakrabarti Visva-Bharati Santiniketan Abstract Just two years after the discovery of the first Palaeolithic tools in India at Pallavaram, near Madras, in , the first Lower Palaeolithic hand axe was discovered in Bengal at Kunkune, distant about 19 km.
The history of Bengal includes modern-day Bangladesh and West Bengal in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, Pre-historic Bengal. Stone Age tools dating back 20, years have been excavated in the state.
 Remnants of Copper Age settlements in the Bengal . Pre historic Bengal: Stone Age remnants have been found in Bengal that date back 20, years.
The indigenous population Bengal consists of tribes and of Austric and Austro-Asiatic origin such as Kola, Bhil, Santhal, Shabara, and Pulinda.