Factors affecting the accuracy of eyewitness testimony:
Juries use it and people can be convicted for something they haven't done because of what someone said they thought they saw therefore it is unreliable. They met their nurse and a researcher for equal amounts of time. A week later they had to identify which was which from photos. Witness remained accurate in reports despite anxiety.
Weakness is that those who experienced high levels of stress were closer to the event that might have helped accuracy.
Deffenbacher has since reviewed his earlier findings and claims they're over simplistics and suggests EWT performance increases gradually then drops at a certain point 7 of 16 What does Deffenbacher's over simplistic claim suggest about the relationship between anxiety and EWT?
EWT performance increases gradually up to high anxiety levels and then at a certain point there is a catastrophic drop in performance.
More accurate recall compared to same staged event but without theft. Older people seem to perform worse on EWT. More likely to make false identifications, poor at recalling specific details.
Children are more willing to accept inaccurate information provided by adults because of fear of contradicting an adult 13 of 16 A child's response 'in private' was misconstrued as 'in the privates' 14 of 16 Cohen and Faulkner Showed pts film of kidnapping then presented with misleading details.
Older pts more likely to be mislead than younger pts. Pts asked questions after film. Some misleading others not misleading. Adults less suggesible 16 of Anxiety is a state of apprehension, worry or fear. Anxiety causes intense stress at the time of the incident.
This means that the eyewitness may have difficulty encoding the information during the acquisition stage of the memory process. A meta-analysis was conducted of 18 studies between and he suggested that EWT performance increases gradually up to extremely high levels of anxiety and then, at a certain point, there is a catastrophic drop in performance.
For instance, meta-analytic reviews of the relationship between test anxiety and measures of academic performance – both formal and informal, and conducted in both schools and universities – suggest an average correlation of around –.2 (Hembree, ; Seipp, ).
How to Deal with Relationship Anxiety Relationships can be one of the most pleasurable things on the planet but they can also be a breeding ground for anxious thoughts and feelings.
Relationship anxiety can arise at pretty much any stage of courtship. Is there a difference between laboratory and real life studies of anxiety in EWT? Anxiety and cognitive performance Inverted U theory (Deffenbacher, ). • Know what is meant by the term eye witness testimony.
• To understand research which has investigated the relationship between anxiety and EWT. • To evaluate research which has investigated the relationship between anxiety and EWT.
• Know what is meant by the term eye witness testimony.