Good men, with enough political power, authority, and financial resources can successfully solve the problems of society.
The Reagan Administration Johnson and the Great Society Johnson's personality and political style contrasted sharply with the urbane and cultured Kennedy.
As president, he used his political skills to enact what remained of Kennedy's programs. He also used his influence to push through a flood of new laws intended to help the poor and minorities and to create what he called the Great Society — a country in which poverty, disease, and racial injustice would be eliminated through government reforms.
Unfortunately, his domestic initiatives fell victim to the deepening crisis in Vietnam, which drained valuable resources from domestic concerns and eroded Johnson's public support.
Johnson was able to persuade Congress to enact a wide range of programs following Kennedy's assassination. Having grown up poor, the president knew first hand what poverty meant, and he declared a war on poverty early in through the Economic Opportunity Act.
The act provided funds for the Job Corps, which secured employment for inner city youths; established the Head Start program, to give disadvantaged preschoolers an early opportunity in education; and set up a domestic version of the Peace Corps known as VISTA, or Volunteers in Service to America.
Following his landslide victory over Republican conservative Barry Goldwater in the election, Johnson used his popular mandate to expand the Great Society. Inafter almost 20 years of inaction on the issue, Congress finally passed Medicare, which provided Americans over the age of 65 with medical insurance, and Medicaid, which allotted federal grants to states for medical coverage of the poor.
Money was earmarked for the Appalachian area, one of the most severe pockets of poverty in the country, through the Appalachian Regional Development Act The nation's schools received the federal funding promised under Kennedy with substantial grants to both elementary and secondary school education.
Additionally, the first serious The great society and the vietnam was given to the environment with the enactment of the Water Quality Act and the Air Quality Act Civil rights under Johnson. Johnson's Great Society also addressed racial injustice. The Civil Rights Act of ended segregation in public accommodations, authorized the attorney general to file suits to desegregate schools, and created the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to investigate complaints of job discrimination.
The Voting Rights Act of suspended literacy tests in counties where less than 50 percent of the eligible voters had cast ballots inprovided for federal examiners to register voters, and gave the attorney general the authority to begin litigation against the poll tax.
Inthe Supreme Court struck down the poll tax in all elections.
Neither the Great Society programs nor the civil rights legislation could prevent outbreaks of violence in the black neighborhoods of American cities in the s. At the heart of the issues in the urban north was the lack of economic opportunity and political power.
Rioting continued over the next several summers in Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, and Newark. Finally, in the wake of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. At the same time, new black leaders were emerging to challenge King's integrationist and nonviolent philosophy.
Malcolm X, the leader of the Black Muslim movement also called the Nation of Islamrejected integration and preached pride in the African heritage. He was assassinated in after he broke with the Nation of Islam. He became involved with the radical Black Panther Party that was founded in Oakland, California, in The shift from integration to separatism cost the civil rights movement white support in the late s.
Blacks were not the only minority struggling for equality. Cesar Chavez, the founder of the National Farm Workers Associationorganized a nationwide strike of grape pickers and boycott of grapes and then lettuce to fight for improved wages and working conditions for migrant labor.
Of all the ethnic groups in the country, however, Native Americans were in the most desperate position; they had the highest unemployment rate and the lowest life expectancy.
In the following year, Native Americans occupied Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay to dramatize their demands for enforcement of their legal rights, tribal autonomy, and restoration of tribal lands.
In Augusttwo North Vietnamese patrol boats reportedly fired on American destroyers operating in the Gulf of Tonkin. Johnson charged that these were unprovoked attacks and used the incident to persuade Congress to act.
Through the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Augustthe president was authorized to take any action necessary to repel attacks against U.
The resolution became the official sanction to escalate American involvement in Vietnam. In earlyJohnson ordered the bombing of North Vietnam to stop the flow of men and material to the south. Operation Rolling Thunder, as the air campaign was called, continued until the spring of The first American combat troops were sent to Vietnam in March and the scope of their responsibility quickly shifted from defensive protecting U.
The number of ground troops rose incrementally, and just underwere committed to the war by Antiwar protests increased over the next several years, and more and more criticism was heard from the mainstream of American society, including such senators as William Fulbright and Robert Kennedy, who argued against Johnson's policies.
Opposition grew as the cost of the war which gutted many Great Society programs rose, the number of American casualties mounted, and people's horror intensified as they viewed the conflict — America's first televised war — each evening on television.
A key factor in shaping the public's attitudes toward the war was the Tet Offensive, which began on January 30, Sep 22, · From the outset of his presidency, Johnson appreciated that enacting the Great Society depended on careful handling of the Vietnam problem.
From Kent’s Boyer family collection, a faded postcard of farmers and a little girl. There is an interesting, rounded type of wagon off to the right of the photo. Martin Luther King said that LBJ’s Great Society was derailed by his escalation of the Vietnam War. Explain what King meant, and summarize LBJ’s decision between and to escalate the war he inherited from Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy.
Battlefield, Casualties, Down, Great, Great Society, Greatest, Shot, Society, Vietnam, War Quotes to Explore There are two great days in a person's life - the day we are born and the day we discover why.
StampStore is an online marketplace that allows APS members to sell philatelic material worldwide. Although the APS provides this selling/buying service, the APS does not own the material being. Vietnam: Vietnam, country occupying the eastern portion of mainland Southeast Asia. Johnson's ambitions for a Great Society were checked by his ambitions in Vietnam. The cost of the war in Vietnam along with the costs of his domestic programs strained the economy.
StampStore is an online marketplace that allows APS members to sell philatelic material worldwide. Although the APS provides this selling/buying service, the APS does not own the material being.
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