Additional Resources The modern profession of architecture echoes with its origins, its rich history, and the fast-paced changes of the 21st century. Through antiquity, architecture and construction were united by the cultural intentions of a "Master Builder," who balanced art, science, materialsformstyle and craft to achieve his vision. Yet there have been architects for as long as societies have built, with little distinction between designers and builders.
Architectural elements Arch — a curved structure, often made up blocks or bricks, spanning across an opening and supporting the weight of structure above. Works by transferring vertical loads into compression forces.
There are many arch shapes including semicircular, segmental, parabolic, pointed gothicthree-point and flat arches. Beam structure — a straight structural member, typically wood or steel, capable of spanning from one support to another and supporting the weight of structure above.
Works by resisting bending forces. Buttress — a short section of masonry built at right angles to a wall, to resist lateral forces. Cantilever — a projecting structure without visible means of support at the projecting end. Column or pillar — a relatively slender structural element, typically circular, square or polygonal in plan, that bears the weight of the structure above.
Dome — a roof structure, typically hemisphericalconstructed in a similar way to an arch. The plan shape may be circular, elliptical or polygonal, and the cross section shape can vary in the same ways as an arch.
Doorway — opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing means of access, usually with a gate or door to provide security and weather protection. Facade — an exterior face of a building, especially the front. Foundation or footing — solid base usually below ground, upon which buildings and other structures are built.
Works by spreading vertical loads over a sufficient area to ensure the structure will not subside. Lintel — a structural member spanning across the top of an opening. Unlike a beam, a lintel spans a relatively short distance which can be spanned by single block of stone of sufficient depth.
Concrete, timber and steel lintels are also used in different types of construction. Pier architecture — loadbearing structure similar to a column, but more massive. Truss — a structure spanning in the same way as a beam, but using materials more efficiently by using triangulation to create a rigid structure.
Typically timber or steel, used to support a pitched roof. Vault architecture — a curved masonry structure spanning in the same way as an arch, forming either a roof or support for a floor above.
Wall — a linear structure enclosing the exterior of an area or building, or subdividing an internal space. A wall may be loadbearing or non-loadbearing. Window — an opening in a wall, typically rectangular, providing light and ventilation.
Usually but not always glazed. Architectural education[ edit ] Professional requirements for architects — Students undertake specific vocational training in order to qualify as a professional architects.
Training typically consists of one or more university degrees and a period of practical experience. In some countries, it is illegal to use the title architect without accredited qualifications.
In the United Kingdom the Architects Registration Board exists solely to regulate membership of the profession, and the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards is an umbrella organisation covering all the organisations fulfilling a similar role in the United States.
Architectural education can involve degree types that do not directly result in licensing, such as Bachelor of Science in Architecture, Bachelor of Arts in Architecture, or a research PhD in Architecture.Architecture is both the process and product of planning, designing and construction.
'Architecture' can mean: Buildings and other physical structures. The style of buildings and other physical structures. The method of constructing buildings and other physical structures. The practice of the architect.
Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων arkhitekton "architect", from ἀρχι- "chief" and τέκτων "builder") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
Designing Buildings Wiki is the only industry-wide, cross-discipline forum for finding and sharing information.
Anyone can create articles about subjects they know and anyone can find articles about subjects they don’t. Design Discipline Pages are also linked to related Resource Pages, Design Objectives, Building Types, and Space Types that explain strategies, technologies, and emerging issues relevant to that specific Design Discipline.
Each design discipline is encouraged to review the other design disciplines. Architecture (Latin architectura, from the Greek ἀρχιτέκτων arkhitekton "architect", from ἀρχι-"chief" and τέκτων "builder") is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings and other physical structures.
If the role architecture played in developing health infrastructure was unclear before, then MASS Design Group’s work asserted the discipline’s significance in global health.